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Caring for your child with diabetes

In case your child or teen has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, the next step you should take is to create a diabetes management plan to help them stay healthy and active.

In general, the treatment plans for type 1 diabetes are based on each child’s needs and the suggestions of the diabetes health care team. Treatment approaches would also differ in the types of insulin given and the schedules for giving insulin each day. The advantages and disadvantages of the plan should be aptly considered for each child.

The main goal of treating kids with diabetes are to control the condition in a way that:

  • Actually help them have normal physical and emotional growth and development.
  • Helps them in preventing short and long term health problems

For the implementation of the above, parents and kids should aim to keep blood sugar levels within their goal range as much as possible.

In particular, kids with type 1 diabetes need to:

  • Take insulin dosage as prescribed
  • Have a healthy, balanced diet with accurate carbohydrate counts
  • Monitor blood sugar levels as prescribed
  • Involve regular physical activity

Following the proper treatment plan helps kids stay healthy, but treating diabetes is definitely not same as curing it. At present, there is no cure for diabetes so basically kids with type 1 diabetes will need treatment for the rest of their lives. But in case proper care is taken, they would feel healthy and go on to live long, productive lives, just like other kids.

Taking Insulin dosages as prescribed

Children and teens who are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes must take insulin as part of their treatment plan. As insulin is the only medicine that can keep their blood sugar levels in a healthy range.

The only method to get insulin into the body now is by injection with a needle or with an insulin pump. Unless the kids are using an insulin pump, they need two or more injections every day to keep blood sugar levels under control. Generally, two different types of insulin are needed to handle blood sugar needs both after eating and between meals.

There is no such one-size-fits-all insulin schedule, the types of insulin used and the number of daily injections a child needs depends on the diabetes management plan.

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